Importance of Fire Safety | Importance of Fire Safety in Industry

IMPORTANCE OF FIRE SAFETY



Safety managers have a major job responsibility to protect the workplace from fires. Not only do they have to ensure that the property is adequately protected to prevent the organization from catastrophic financial losses, but there is also a moral obligation to protect the workers and community members from the devastating effects that a fire can have on the entire community. There are numerous examples over the years of the effects industrial fires had on both the workers involved and the communities in which they occurred. Some of America's largest and most destructive factory fires involve fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, fire manufacturing at Imperial Foods, Phillips petroleum chemical plant blast, and burn, and disaster at Crescent City, Illinois.



 Importance of Fire Safety | Importance of Fire Safety Measures | Importance of Fire Safety in Industry | Importance of Fire Safety Training at Workplace | Importance of Fire Safety Rules for Students Fire Safety in the Workplace | Why is it Important to Follow Fire Safety Laws Fire Prevention Training


HISTORICAL MAJOR FIRE LOSSES IN THE UNITED STATES

Throughout U.S. history, several major industrial fires have resulted in significant loss of life and property damage. Table 1.1 summaries these events (Emergency and Disaster Management, 2003):

Major Fire Losses in the United States 

1911, March 25 New York, NY: 145 young workers were killed in the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire.

1927, November 14 Pittsburgh, PA: A tank loaded with 5 million cubic feet of natural gas erupted when it was operated by the maintenance worker with an open fire lamp; 28 people died, hundreds were wounded.

1947, 20 February Los Angeles, CA: south of downtown Pico Blvd. and Stanford Ave., an explosion at O'Connor Electroplating Company destroyed/damaged more than 55 buildings in a 300-foot radius; 150 people were injured and 15 people were killed. The incident led to the city's first ordinance laying down storage, transportation, production, processing, etc. regulations. The incident resulted in the first ordinance of the city laying down regulations for the storage, transport, production, processing, and use of hazardous chemicals and led to one of the United States ' first HazMat dictionaries.

1947, April 16 Texas City/Port, TX: The explosion of the S.S. Grandcamp loaded with ammonium nitrate killed 561 people, including all 27 members of the Texas City Volunteer Fire Department. 

1947, June 22 Los Angeles, CA: On Wilmington Mormon Island, the S.S. Markey, loaded with more than 3 million gallons of butane and other petroleum products, exploded. 

1991, September 3 NC: 25 workers died in a fire at the Hamlet Imperial Food Products chicken-processing plant. The building was without fire alarms or sprinkler systems; many exit doors have been locked to prevent the stealing of employees.

2003, 29 January 2003, Kinson, NC: A West Pharmaceutical Services plant explosion killed 3 people and injured over 20 people.




Importance of Fire Safety | Importance of Fire Safety Measures | Importance of Fire Safety in Industry | Importance of Fire Safety Training at Workplace | Importance of Fire Safety Rules for Students Fire Safety in the Workplace | Why is it Important to Follow Fire Safety Laws Fire Prevention Training



 TRENDS IN FIRES IN THE UNITED STATES



Overall, US fire deaths have fallen by almost two-thirds since their peak levels around World War I (NFPA 1997, 1–4). When examining the fire impact of industrial occupancies, the NFPA is the foremost authority on keeping track of reported fires, fire injuries, and property losses. The NFPA defines an industrial occupancy as all industrial, manufacturing, defense, and utility properties and all storage facilities excluding dwelling garages (NFPA 1997, 1–6). The U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries is the foremost authority on occupational fatalities in the United States.


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